The building blocks to modern chemistry and geology is an understanding of the elements of which everything is made up of. Identifying the original elements is a common theme that runs through many cultures in our past including the Greeks, Japanese, and Hindus.
Text from the back of the bottle:
"Elements Wines symbolize the philosophy that when the five basic elements are in balance, harmony exists, Metal: the minerality in the soil, Water: for the vines, Wood: the vines themselves, Fire, the sun that ripens the grapes, and Earth, the soil."
The image on the bottle not only represents a bunch of wine bottles stacked on top of each other but could also represent the layering of the original elements; Earth on the bottom, Metal in the middle, Air and Water on top.
Just like the Divining Rod previously, understanding where our science has come from helps us better to understand it in general. From these base "elements" we found that matter is made up of lots of different elements, which in turn helped Mendeleev develop the Periodic Table of the Elements.